|Permian rocks of Russia (brown).|
From Atlas SSSR (1984)
Murchison did his Russian field work with the French paleontologist, Édouard de Verneuil. One of their goals was to try to understand the differences between the Old Red Sandstone, of Devonian age and common in Britain and other parts of Europe, and the New Red Sandstone – clearly younger, as it was stratigraphically higher than the Old Red Sandstone. Much of the upper part of the New Red Sandstone was assigned to the Triassic, but that left the lower portion, which ultimately was put into the Permian system.
* * *
We have two geological birthdays today. Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck, was born August 1, 1744, at Bazantin, France. He was one of the first proponents of evolution as a natural process, and although his theory that acquired characteristics could be passed on genetically has largely been rejected, molecular biology today accepts the possibility that DNA and genes can be altered by environmental factors and influence inheritance.
It’s also Henry Darwin Rogers’ birthday, born August 1, 1808, in Philadelphia. He’s probably most noted for seminal work on the geology of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
—Richard I. Gibson
Murchison in Russia-1
Murchison in Russia-2